Collection: Carpinus tree | European Hornbeam

The Carpinus betulus, commonly known as the European Hornbeam, is a deciduous tree native to Western, Central, and Southern Europe. It grows to a height of about 15-25 meters, with a slender trunk and a pyramid-shaped canopy in youth, becoming more rounded with age. The bark is smooth and gray, while the leaves are oval, ribbed, and serrated, turning a vibrant yellow in the autumn. The tree produces small, catkin-like flowers followed by winged fruits, adding to its ornamental appeal.

Carpinus Betulus Tree: Where Beauty Meets Resilience

Discover Carpinus betulus or European hornbeam, a beautiful tree known for its toughness and resilience, a perfect blend of natural beauty and strength that appeals to gardeners and nature lovers everywhere.

Why Would You Want to Buy Carpinus Tree?

Carpinus betulus is an elegant tree with a well-defined and graceful shape. Its bark is very smooth with a unique grey tone, while its small, oval-shaped leaves have a bright green colour that turns golden yellow in autumn. It is native to Britain and can be found naturally in woodlands and hedgerows across much of the UK. Therefore, the carpinus tree is ideal for the UK climate.

This adaptable tree can also be effectively pruned into a beautiful hedge or a screen. With its dense foliage and robust habit, it can serve as an excellent summer screening tree or a hedging plant, providing both privacy and aesthetic appeal.

If you want to add elegance to your garden, buy a Carpinus tree and witness the beautiful transformation of your outdoor space.

Types of Carpinus Tree UK

When selecting a Carpinus tree, it's important to consider the variety of types available. Some of the best carpinus trees for small gardens UK include:

Carpinus betulus (European Hornbeam) - typically reaches heights of 15 to 25 meters, sometimes even taller if the conditions are right. It has a naturally elegant, rounded to oval-shaped canopy that spreads wide, providing a good shade. Its branches grow in a well-structured, tiered pattern, creating a dense and lush appearance. Its canopy, combined with its height, makes it an attractive feature in any landscape.

Carpinus betulus Fastigiata tree – This type of hornbeam tree is known for its distinct, upright growth habit and narrow, columnar shape. It typically grows to a height of 10 to 15 meters, with a notably slender canopy compared to the broader, more rounded canopy of the basic European Hornbeam. This upright form makes Fastigiata ideal for smaller spaces where a less expansive canopy or vertical accentuation is preferred.

Carpinus betulus Fastigiata ball – This unique Fastigiata is characterized by its compact, rounded form and a more controlled growth pattern. It typically reaches a moderate height, generally not as tall as the standard 'Fastigiata', and features a dense, ball-shaped canopy. This shape makes it an excellent choice for gardens where space is limited or for creating structured, formal landscapes.

Carpinus Betulus Tree for Sale UK

If you are thinking about planting this resilient and attractive tree in your garden and are looking for carpinus trees for sale, Arundel Arboretum in Chichester is the right place for you to go. We will be more than happy to welcome you and assist you.

If you want to buy carpinus trees online, explore our web store and our carefully curated, both young and mature carpinus trees for sale. Browse our selection of carpinus tree UK varieties to find the perfect fit for your garden. Find what you need and the rest is on us.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What is another name for the hornbeam tree?
    The Latin name for European hornbeam tree is Carpinus betulus. Carpinus is Latin for “hornbeam” while betulus means “birch-like” because the tree looks similar to birch. It is also known as the common hornbeam.
  • What is the difference between European and American hornbeam?
    The European hornbeam (Carpinus betulus) typically grows larger with a more upright form and smoother bark, while the American Hornbeam or Carpinus caroliniana tree is smaller, with a distinctive muscle-like bark and vibrant fall foliage.
  • What does the hornbeam tree symbolize?
    The hornbeam tree symbolizes strength and resilience, reflecting its hard wood and ability to adapt to different environments.
  • Is hornbeam an evergreen?
    No, the hornbeam is not an evergreen tree. It is a deciduous tree, meaning it sheds its leaves annually, typically in the autumn.
  • Is hornbeam fast-growing?
    No, the hornbeam tree is not considered fast-growing.
  • How fast does the hornbeam tree grow?
    The growth rate of a hornbeam tree (Carpinus betulus) is typically slow to moderate. On average, it grows about 30 to 60 cm per year under good growing conditions.
  • What is the lifespan of the carpinus betulus tree?
    The lifespan of Carpinus betulus can be quite long. These trees typically live for several hundred years, with many reaching ages of 150 to 200 years under good growing conditions. Some well-sited and well-cared-for specimens can even live longer, surpassing 300 years.
  • What is the maximum height of a European hornbeam tree?
    The maximum height of a European Hornbeam tree, or Carpinus betulus, typically ranges from 15 to 25 meters
  • Is there a dwarf hornbeam tree UK?
    Yes, there are dwarf varieties of hornbeam trees. These cultivars are bred specifically to be smaller and more compact than the standard Carpinus betulus species. A small carpinus tree is ideal for limited spaces.
  • Is there a columnar hornbeam tree?
    Yes, there are columnar varieties of hornbeam trees, known for their narrow, upright growth habit. One notable example is the Carpinus betulus 'Fastigiata', also known as the Upright European Hornbeam.
  • Where is the best place to plant a hornbeam tree?
    The ideal location for planting a hornbeam tree is in moist, well-drained, slightly acidic to neutral soil, in full sun or partial shade. They need ample space for growth, both above and below ground, and protection from strong winds when young.
  • What is the root depth of the hornbeam?
    European hornbeam trees typically have a root system that is moderately deep and spreading. The depth and spread of the roots can be influenced by soil conditions and available space. In general, hornbeam roots are known for being strong and resilient.
  • Can carpinus betulus be used for hedging?
    Yes, Carpinus betulus is an excellent choice for hedging. This tree is highly prized for its ability to tolerate heavy pruning and shaping, making it ideal for creating formal, dense hedges.
  • Is carpinus betulus suitable for urban environments?
    Yes, Carpinus betulus is quite suitable for urban environments. This tree is known for its tolerance to a range of challenging urban conditions, such as pollution, compacted soils, or limited space. Its ability to withstand pruning and its relatively modest root system makes it a good choice for streetscapes and public spaces.
  • What are the cons of hornbeam?
    Hornbeam trees grow slowly and require pruning, which can be time-consuming. Their dense foliage creates a heavy shade that might inhibit undergrowth, and their extensive root system can disrupt nearby structures and utilities. Their fall colour is less vibrant compared to some other deciduous trees.
  • Is hornbeam toxic?
    No, hornbeam trees are not known to be toxic. They are generally considered safe for both humans and animals, with no significant toxic effects reported from contact with or ingestion of the wood, leaves, or seeds.
  • Is the carpinus betulus tree susceptible to diseases or pests?
    Carpinus betulus or European Hornbeam, is relatively resistant to pests and diseases, making it a robust and low-maintenance choice for landscapes. However, like all trees, it is not entirely immune. It can occasionally suffer from leaf spot, powdery mildew, and canker diseases, but these issues are typically not severe and can be managed with regular tree care and monitoring.
  • Is there a carpinus tree for sale near me?
    If you are looking for a carpinus tree sale UK and you are in South East England or London, come and visit our Arundel Arboretum nursery and our carpinus tree farm. If you are not near us, we invite you to explore our online store and find your perfect plant. The rest is on us. If you have any questions about buying carpinus trees or if there's anything we can assist you with, please feel free to reach out.


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Arundel Arboretum Ltd Scotland Barn Chichester Road Arundel West Sussex BN18 0AD

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